India is a country positioned in the southern central part of the Asian continent. It covers both the Northern and Eastern hemispheres. This country is bordered by other nations like China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the two seas namely Arabian Sea and Pacific Sea. The name “INDIA” is originated from the Indus river.This is the second most country across the globe having the massive population of about 1.2 billion followed by china.

States and Languages

The country encompasses 28 states and 7 Union territories There are 22 official languages in the country and Hindi, the most extensively spoken language. Yet there are other languages like Bengali, Telugu, Marathi and Tamil are also spoken by many people.The leading metropolitan cities in India are Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Banglore. These metropolis are prominent for their monetary, technological, political and traditional centre of the nation.


The Republic of India has some official symbols include animal (Bengal Tiger), bird (Peacock), flower (Lotus) and sport (Hockey).


New Delhi is the capital city of India since 1931 and Mumbai is the financial capital city of India.Surprisingly, Kolkata (Calcutta) was the capital of India during the rule of Britishers between the late 19th century and early 20th century.


Before the independence, the Britishers reigned India over a century. Why Britishers came to the country? The main intention for Britishers is to accomplish the trade the country.The Indian emperor who gave rights to the English people to their business establishing the East India Company. Subsequently they started to expand their trade all over the India by conquering the rulers of the India. Following they assisted the Indian people as slaves.Hence the familiar leaders of the India include Mahatma Gandhiji, Subash Chandra Bose and Bala Gangadhar Tilak struggled to free India from the Britishers. But this initiative didn’t work out at that moment and so the English people decided to treat the leaders in awful manner.Thus Gandhiji came to a decision to free India only by accomplishing the non-violent resistance against the Britishers to depart from India.Finally India attained freedom on 15th August 1947 and celebrating the day as “Independence Day”.

10 essntials to know about India

  • India is the largest exporter of gold and minerals.
  • Bangalore is the technical capital of India by servicing technological projects, automobiles etc. It has more Top IT parks than in Singapore.
  • India is having the world’s largest road network over 1.8 million miles.
  • Martial arts and Yogasana was created near a small town of Chennai in India and it was existed more than 50 centuries.
  • Tirumala temple and Kaasi viswanath temple is the place for many tourists to visit than in Vatican city and Mecca mosque.
  • The Indian city Mawsynram receives the highest recorded rainfall in the world and it is also the wettest place in the earth.
  • India is the home for the Sachin Tendulkar who is the master blaster of the cricket.
    India’s greatest scientist “Dr. APJ. Abdul kalam” is honoured the Science day on May 26 by the government of Switzerland as he visited the students on that day.

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